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Whether it’s stem cell (stem cell)?

The human body has hundreds of different cell types that are important to our health every day. These cells are responsible for keeping our bodies work every day, like making our heart beat, our brain thinks, the kidneys clean the blood, we replace the skin that is flaky, and so on. Specific duties of a stem cell is to create different cell types. Stem cell is the source for new cells. At the moment the stem cell divide, they can reproduce themselves or become another type of cell. For example, the stem cell in the skin can create more stem cell skin or they can make the skin cells to differentiate which have specific tasks like making the pigment melanin.

Why stem cell is important to your health?

When we are injured or ill, our cells also are injured or die. When this happens, stem cell become active. Stem cell has the task to the injured tissue repair or replace other cells as they experience the death of routine. In this way, we keep the stem cell we stay healthy and prevent us from premature aging. Stem cell act like microscopic doctors belonging to the forces of our own.

What are the range of types of stem cell?

Stem cell has a variety of types. Scientists suspect that every organ in our body have a stem cell type specific. For example, our blood was created from the stem cell blood (also known as a hematopoietic stem cell). However, there are also stem cell at the earliest stages of human development and when scientists grow them, they called the “embryonic stem cell”. The reason why scientists are interested in embryonic stem cell is natural because the task of embryonic stem cell is to build each of the organs and tissues in our body during human development. What is meant is, that embryonic stem cell, unlike adult stem cell, can be transformed into almost all of the hundreds of other human cell types. For example, blood stem cell can only be memciptakan the blood, however embryonic stem cell can create blood, bone, skin, brain, and so on. In addition, embryonic stem cell is also naturally programmed to create tissues and organs that are not made by the adult stem cell. So embryonic stem cell have a natural capacity to fix a sick organ. Embryonic stem cell made from leftover embryos from fertility treatment that is still a few days above the Cup, created in a laboratory, and anyway will be removed as well.

What are iPS or induced pluripotent stem cells?

Whether it’s iPS or induced pluripotent stem cell?

Scientists and doctors are excited about a new kind of stem cell known cell “iPS”. The reason why we are excited is because iPS cells have properties similar to the embryonic stem cell, but not made from embryos. So the iPS cells do not have a problem of ethics. In addition, iPS cells can be made from a cell that is not a stem cell from a patient’s own body, which means the cells, iPS can be given back to the patient without the risk of immune rejeksi, which is a very important issue for any stem cell transplantation.

What will happen in the future and how the stem cell can change the way doctors treat you?

Because naturally stem cell has the task to replace cells that are old or sick, scientists recomended various ideas for using stem cells as a therapy for patients with a wide range of medical conditions. The idea of dimakud is to give patients stem cell or cells differentiate made from stem cell, we can use the cell’s natural ability to heal patients to a healthy back. For example, if a patient has a heart attack, by giving the patient a stem cell transplant as a therapy, our goal is to create a stem cell transplanted repair damage in the heart. Natural stem cell population that we have had only a limited capacity to repair damage in our body. Back to the example about the heart, stem cell, owned his own heart are unable to carry out the task of repairing the damage from a heart attack, but millions of stem cell transplants are much more powerful. So, by giving the patient a transplant stem cell, we increase the body’s ability to cure exceed the capacity of the stem cell contained naturally limited number. There are still some challenges that need to be payed before stem cell therapy strategies are becoming common, including security issues, because the stem cell can cause tumors, and immune rejeksi. However, stem cell most likely will change the world of medicine and maybe in one or two decades, most of us will know someone, maybe even ourselves, who have the stem cell transplant. Stem cell provides promise for curing major diseases faced by people, such as cancer, heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Huntington’s disease, stroke, spinal cord injury, and many more.

What are the existing stem cell treatment now, and why most doctors advise you to only consider it with caution and as a last hope?

Currently, there are a few stem cell transplants that have been tested by scientists that are safe and effective. The best example is a bone marrow transplant. However, many of the stem cell treatment is untested advertised and offered around the world. Often the treatment is getting a lot of attention in the media when celebrities like sports stars undergo this treatment. Generally, scientists and physicians in the field of stem cell warned patients to avoid such treatment because the treatment is not yet clear whether the work correctly and safely. The patients died from the treatment. Which is actually very sensible to consider all options in the face of a disease or condition that cannot be cured, we advise you to consider such treatment as hanyan last hope and after discuss with your personal physician.
Because naturally stem cell has the task to replace cells that are old or sick, scientists menggagaskan various ideas for using stem cells as a therapy for patients with a wide range of medical conditions. The idea of dimakud is to give patients stem cell or cells differentiate made from stem cell, we can use the cell’s natural ability to heal patients to a healthy back. For example, if a patient has a heart attack, by giving the patient a stem cell transplant as a therapy, our goal is to create a stem cell transplanted repair damage in the heart. Natural stem cell population that we have had only a limited capacity to repair damage in our body. Back to the example about the heart, stem cell, owned his own heart are unable to carry out the task of repairing the damage from a heart attack, but millions of stem cell transplants are much more powerful. So, by giving the patient a transplant stem cell, we increase the body’s ability to cure exceed the capacity of the stem cell contained naturally limited number. There are still some challenges that need to be payed before stem cell therapy strategies are becoming common, including security issues, because the stem cell can cause tumors, and immune rejeksi. However, stem cell most likely will change the world of medicine and maybe in one or two decades, most of us will know someone, maybe even ourselves, who have the stem cell transplant. Stem cell provides promise for curing major diseases faced by people, such as cancer, heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Huntington’s disease, stroke, spinal cord injury, and many more.

What are the existing stem cell treatment now, and why most doctors advise you to only consider it with caution and as a last hope?

What is a Stem Cell? In our language is called stem cells. The development of stem cell research provide the rapid progress the medical field. How it could happen and what are its benefits?

Cell or cell is the smallest unit-forming organisms. Starting from the cell then later formed the organs (eyes, heart, kidneys, skin, and so on) into one as a single organism. At a time when we are hurt, so their cells are also damaged, cells that are damaged will be replaced by new cells so that the wound will heal back.

What is a Stem Cell (Stem Cell)?

Stem Cell is a cell that has the potential to develop into a wide variety of network-forming cells. In other words, Stem Cell source for new cells, it will guarantee the replacement of cells that have died. For example, when our skin is injured, then Stem Cell skin will form the cells so that the new skin will repair damaged tissues and scars will be covered.

Stem Cell is very important because her body then we have the ability to heal yourself, like the doctor in the body.

Stem Cell has two capabilities:

a) ability to evolve or differentiate into other cells, for example, be nerve cells, heart muscle cells, pancreatic cells, and so on.

b) ability to renew itself meaning Stem Cell can create copies of itself which is identical to the parent cell. This ability is not owned by the other body cells.

Type – the type of Stem Cell

Stem Cell differentiated into several types based on two different groups IE:

1. Type of Stem Cell based on the ability differentiate

a. Totipoten Is the cell potential to differentiate into various cell types, for example: the Zygote.

b. Pluripoten

Cells that can differentiate into 3 layers of ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm but does not form a new organism, Embryonic Stem Cell example:

c. Multipoten

Cells that can differentiate into adult cells, for example: Stem Cell hematopoetik

d. Unipoten

Is a cell can only produce a certain type of cell. Stem Cell types can be meregenarasi yourself.

2. Type of Stem Cell based on the source of origin of the cell

a. Embryonic Stem Cell

A Stem Cell is obtained when the individual developments are still in the embryonic stage and has pluripoten.

b. Adult Stem Cell

Is a group of cells that have yet to differentiate, sometimes in a State of inactivity on the network that have specific properties. Stem Cell is plastis means he can differentiate into cells of another tissue, besides being a cell match the original chain.
Adult Stem Cell differentiated into two blood-forming Stem Cell (homatopoetik) that will form red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. And Stem Cell multipotensi (mesenchimal) that will form the cells of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and fat.

c. Fetal Stem Cell

Is the primitive Stem Cell found in the organs of the fetus or fetuses. Fetus contains Stem Cell that is pluripoten which will develop into different tissues of the body quickly.

How To Obtain The Stem Cell

Stem Cell can be obtained by using the technique of transplantation. There are three kinds of transplantation techniques based on the source, namely:

1. the transplantation of bone marrow

Bone marrow transplant is used as a treatment of leukemia and anemia aplastik. This way the treatment has a success rate that continues to rise and has done since decades ago. The bone marrow is rich in Stem Cell hematopoetik.

Procedures acquire it i.e. bone marrow taken from the pelvic bone donors. The marrow is then injected in the patient’s vein vessels. When the process smoothly, then the bone marrow will be fused in a patient’s bone to entirely subsumed by the new bone marrow.

Transplantation has risks of viral contamination is higher due to the white blood cells in patients must be destroyed first before bone marrow inserted in the body.

2. The transplantation of Stem Cell Blood Banks

Stem Cell in the blood circulation is not as much as on the edges of the bone marrow, so in order that the amount be insufficient then the charities were given the penstimulasi so that the Stem Cell hematopoetik can move from the marrow to the blood circulation.

The advantage of this transplant easier and painless as well as easier to grow. However the disadvantage, Stem Cell blood banks is not tough as bone marrow, then transplanting it remains mixed with the bone marrow.

3. Umbilical Cord Stem Cell Transplantation

The umbilical cord or placenta or ari-ari turns out to have the same Stem Cell in the bone marrow even Stem Cell cord blood has advantages compared to that in the bone marrow and blood banks in certain patients.

Umbilical cord Stem Cell Transplantation has changed the material the rest of the process of the growth of the fetus becomes a source of a very potent healer. The use of Stem Cell has saved many souls who suffered from the disease of leukemia and other immune diseases.

The benefits of Stem Cell in treatment of Disease

In the last decade, with the Stem Cell treatment is becoming more popular. Success in dealing with neurological diseases such as parkinson’s and huntington’s has proven the success of Stem Cell-based treatments.

In addition to treatments for neurological diseases, treatment is started to be used to treat organ damage, heart disease, cancer, diabetes, even HIV/AIDS.

Although the Stem Cell-based treatment is very promising, but there are constraints such as the difficulty in culturing Embryonic Stem Cell, the risk of rejection by the patient’s body cells as well as very expensive.

This treatment will continue to evolve and the constraints will be increasingly able to overcome, thus this Stem Cell-based treatments will be great hope for mankind.

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